12.8

Which arguments are the most compelling for and against GE? Why?

The arguments that I found the most compelling for and against GE/GM. 

  1. That the plants will spread into the wild, the corn can spread the release of seeds and pollen. Although the chances are slim that the plant will survive in the wild.
  2. People can develop allergies to GM foods due to combinations between the two. 
  3. GM crops are very important for many things, but, they are not to be eaten. It is not safe to consume this. They can be used for pharmaceutical use though.
  4. They can reduce pesticide use.
  5. So there are many good and bad things about GM foods. 

 

12.1

As the climate is changing there becomes less land for the animals living in the arctic areas. Not only that but it also impacts animals all around the world. If all these animals die we will eventually run out of meat to eat and that would be very bad. Food safety: while growing crops (corn) farmers need to use pesticides to make the corn thrive and be edible. Some of these pesticides are really bad for the animals that eat it and it can also harm other plants.

11.12

Explain how eating less meat could contribute to your health, the health of the plan, and food security. Eating less meat can effect many things and is better to do. Eating less meat helps with land use, energy use, and water use, but, you still do need to eat meats to maintain a healthy diet. Eating less meats is better for the environment overall in the end.

11.10

Criticisms of “my plate”, fats+oils are not included, dairy is not necessary for adults, protein is not a type of food. I do like my plate compared to other nutrition guides. I like how it is very organized and how it tell me exactly what I need to eat. If I were to change anything I would make plates with what to eat for every meal, because there is only one plate. I do not tend to eat vegetables every meal so I would like to know what I can eat instead. Also it doest tell you how much you need of each. In the end though it can help you maintain a healthy diet because everything on there if healthy for you.

11.11

Describe the pros and cons of using food miles as a guide for what you eat. Eating locally can help the environment, more money for the local community, and supporting local providers. Cons: The transportation of the food from other countries is not good for the environment, less energy efficient to grow tomatoes in a greenhouse.

How can you decrease the carbon footprint of the food you eat?

Its rather easy to decrease the carbon footprint of the food you eat. One being, eating locally or growing most of your fruits and vegetables. Eat what you buy (don’t waste), heat the food well, eat less dairy and and meat, recycle the packaging when needed, and etc.

11.9

Macro’s= Something that is needed in large amounts to keep one going Carbs.

Micro’s= Something that you need little amounts of to keep you going (opposite of macro)

275 calories go towards keeping me going through the day. 

11.7

What are essential amino acids? Humans have 20 natural amino acids in which they can only synthesize 11 of them, the other nine we get from the food we eat. If our diet I missing one of the nine than it can lead to malnutrition, making it essential.

What is protein complementary? That is when you combine foods that complement essential amino acids. I often do this with foods, like peanut butter and bread and corn tortillas.

11.6

Diet Coke can. So basically if you were to put a Diet Coke can in a bucket of water it would float to the top. Whereas a regular can of coke sinks to the bottom. This is because of the sugars and sweeteners added to the Diet Coke, it makes it less dense so it is able to float while a coke can is more dense and it floats to the top (lighter).

11.8

Why are vitamins essential for human health? You only need little amounts of these vitamins and minerals but thy are still essential for our human health. Vitamins A, B, D, and K are stored in cells in our body, if you have too much it can build up and become toxic. Some vitamins help enzymes and also help our body grow and be strong. We need these vitamins to live because they give us what we need to grow. 

Difference between vitamins and minerals.

Vitamins: Organic compounds that have a wide range of functions, we only need small amounts of these in our diets. They help us function and prevent diseases. 

Minerals: Ionic compounds that also have a wide range of functions, you don’t need them as much as vitamins but you should still have them. 

Unit 11.5

Explain how sugars, starches, and cellulose are different. Sugars= part of the carbohydrate family in lots of foods that we eat. Starches= also a carbohydrate is found in foods such as grains, potatoes, and rice. Cellulose like the others is in a lot of common foods that us humans eat, these three different terms are similar.