What reason are you consume sugars is because foods naturally contain them. All the sugars listed in table 11.3 occur naturally. For example, fructose occurs as many fruits and lactose occurs in milk. Another reason that you consume sugar is because you added during cooking or at the table or because food companies added. You mad sugar to your coffee or sprinkle it on your cereal. Manufacturers of process to that sugar to peanut butter, spaghetti sauce, and bread. High fructose corn syrup is used to sweeten many beverages and foods. Depending on where you live, high fructose corn syrup goes by different names. Going to Europe primarily contains glucose. But if you treat corn syrup with enzymes, you can convert the glucose to fructose. Fructose corn syrup is used in the food supply because of it’s many functional benefits. For example, it retains moisture in bran cereal’s, helps keep breakfast at an energy bar is moist, maintains consistent flavors in beverages and keeps ingredients eventually dispersed condiments. In terms of health of the planet, the issues are more complex. More so than any other major crop, corn requires the use of fertilizer, herbicides, and pesticides, all of which require the burning of fossil fuels to produce. For example, the fertilizer run off is largely responsible for a huge death zone in the Gulf of Mexico at the mouth of the Mississippi River. When the nitrogen and phosphorus rich waters reached the ocean, they promote algae blooms. Intern, the algae deplete the oxygen in the waters, killing aquatic life. So are artificial sweeteners the way to go? These compounds certainly do you offer the advantage of fewer calories. Although people have been concerned about the health effects of using artificial sweeteners, Studies indicate that sweeteners currently on the market or safe for most people.

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