12.1

summarize and relate to climate change and food safety.

climate change means hot places get hotter, cold places get colder. Climate change leads to change in temperature, rainfall & sea levels which also leads to contamination of crops by faces due to high levels of rainfall or flooding.

trash the food blocker nay?

http://foodbabe.com/2017/04/20/the-worst-ingredient-in-starbucks-unicorn-frappuccino-why-you-shouldnt-drink-it/#more-28133

So here she said that the new Starbucks Unicorn Frappuccino has a “shocking 76g of sugar”. Eating two mango gives you 92g of sugar. Carrageenan is in ice cream, yogurt, cottage cheese, soy milk, and other processed foods for improving the texture. She said that it gives you cancer and yes, it does but not when you have just a small amount of it.

  • Citric Acid – Typically derived from mold made with GMO corn (not from fruit). This appears 8 times in the ingredient list!” direct quote from the blogger. Now I’m calling this bs. Citric acid that occurs naturally in foods anytime you eat citrus, but it’s in certain other fruits and vegetables as well. Although it could also be Genetically Modified, but that doesn’t mean it is going to kill you or anything.

Mono and Diglycerides links to heart disease and it is true but she definitely exaggerated it. 0.5% trans. fat is not really going to do anything enough to cause you heart disease.

“Natural and Artificial Flavors”. Pathetic. A lot of food/drink are artificially flavored nowadays, how about you write a blog about everything that are artificial flavored in this world right now, go ahead and try.

Now this drink cannot possibly be the worst ingredient in starbucks. Just by looking at how much sugar, starbucks’ green tea frappuccino blended creme venti with whipped cream has 97 g of sugar. Please write a blog for every single drink in starbucks.

11.12

explain how eating less meat could contribute to your health, the health of the planet, and food security.

Although meat is a very good source for protein and fat for energy, it also has high level of saturated fat and can higher the risk of getting cholesterol. Eating less meat can use less land for life stocks. A lot of fuel to produce meat; greenhouse gases. Also feeding animals need water and all that. We slaughter 10 billion of animal each year just to eat them and we might run out of them one day. For me, I love eating meat so I probably would not stop eating them.

11.11

Describe the pros and cons of using “food miles” as a guide for what you eat.      How can you decrease the carbon footprint of the food you eat?

pros: I can get food from other places without physically going there.

cons: all the fuel that used to transport food from one place to other, greenhouse gases that has been released to the air.

I can decrease the carbon footprint of the food I eat by not eating food from other places, maybe.

11.10

criticisms of “my plate” -fats + oils are not included -Dairy is not a necessity for adults -Protein is not a type of food.        Do you like “my plate” compared to other nutrition guides? How would you improve it? What would you change? Can it help you maintain a healthy diet?

I am fine with it, I personally do not like having such specific diet so I’d rather just eat whatever I want. I would make “my plate” more specific. Protein is not a type of food and fats and oils are not included. True, but it all depends on the way you cook food, you can cook it with oil and there will be oil and fat, animal and plants both have fats and protein. It puts protein for a reason, maybe you are a vegan so you have to eat plants to get protein and fat. It can definitely help us maintain a healthy diet, but a healthy diet is not I am looking for right now, I am going to gain weight so I have to eat extra.

11.9

Explain the difference in macro’s and micros in terms of body usage and daily amount.      Using your BMR and table 11.7 under “active” what % of your calories daily go towards keeping you body going.

You can take a lot of Macro’s, fat gives you energy and you need a lot of energies. Do not take too much micros because too much vitamin might mess your body up.

My BMR: 1640 Calories/ Day         active: 2800-3200  Does this mean unhealthy :I

11.8

why are vitamins essential for the human health? What makes vitamins different than minerals?

Vitamin acts a big role in our body. It can prevent getting scurvy. Getting scurvy is because we do not intake enough vitamin C, but you can just eat fruits to get vitamin C, so in modern days, it is pretty hard to get scurvy. Vitamin prevents blindness. Vitamins combine with minerals can give you stronger bones.

“Vitamins and minerals differ in basic ways. Vitamins are organic and can be broken down by heat, air, or acid. Minerals are inorganic and hold on to their chemical structure. That means the minerals in soil and water easily find their way into your body through the plants, fish, animals, and fluids you consume.”

https://www.sharecare.com/health/nutrition-diet/what-difference-vitamins-minerals

11.7

what are essential amino acids? What does essential mean for the diet? What is protein complementarity and how do you prefer to get your protein complementarity?

Our body cannot produce essential amino acids, so we have to eat food to gain essential amino acids. There are 9 essential amino acids, histidine , isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine. Because amino acids help our body to create water/ h2o. Protein complementary is combining two or more foods with incomplete proteins, to form complementary proteins, can provide adequate amounts of all the essential amino acids. So basically combining food to get all the essentials in roughly the amounts needed. For example, soy+rice, bread+ peanut butter, corn tortilla+ beans, and hummus+pita. Every culture has achieved protein complementarity.

http://health.bastyr.edu/news/health-tips/2011/09/what-are-complementary-proteins-and-how-do-we-get-them

11.6

Regular coke sinks because of all the sugar in it. Sugar dissolving in the coke makes the liquid more dense so it would sink. Diet coke floats because its less dense.

1.4

why are oils hydrogenated? How is a hydrogenated oil related to a trans fat? What is a trans fat? Why do we care/ hear so much about trans fats?

Oils are hydrogenated. They do that to turn liquid unsaturated fat into solid saturated fat. Relates to trans fat because it is partially the same thing, using the chemical reaction of the intermolecular hydrogen bond. Some meat and dairy products contain small amounts of naturally occurring trans fat. “Most trans fat is formed through an industrial process that adds hydrogen to vegetable oil, which causes the oil to become solid at room temperature.” http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-cholesterol/in-depth/trans-fat/art-20046114

Trans fat raises our LDL (bad) cholesterol and lowers our HDL (good) cholesterol. That is why we care about it. 

In case you have not realized yet, I love to do my own research instead of reading the book.