Summarize and relate climate change to food safety:
Climate change is a rapidly rising crisis in our world. We need certain climates at different parts of the year and the globe in order to produce the foods and crops we need to sustain ourselves. With the runoff from our water from melting glaciers, it ruins our crops. In order to fix this mess, scientists have been turing to GMO to reproduce and replenish the crops ruined by our climate change. This is an issue when it comes to food safety because we, humans, and scientists, are trying to come up with ways to harvest crops faster in order to replace those damaged by climate change.
Explain how eating less be can contribute to your health, the health of the planet, and food security:
Eating less meat can contribute to our health because of the unnecessary fats from meat, and can help us avoid heart disease. In terms of health of the planet, eating less meat can help save our earth. Almost every living thing on this earth is apart of the food chain, the more we eat meat, the more we cut out of our food chain. For food security, we need to eat plant based stuff because the more eat we plant based food we know that it can be replaced. If we continue to eat meat, we can mess up the reproduction system of the animals if we continue to consume meat at the rate that we do.
Describe the pros and cons of using “food miles” as a guide for what you eat.
Food miles can be a good guide for what you eat, but it also has some cons. An example of a con is the emission of green house gases which fuel transportation. Though that is not ideal, there are some good things that come from food miles as a guide for what you eat such as the food that can be harvested from far away places without actually having to get it.
How can you decrease the carbon footprint of the food you eat?
The best way I could decrease the carbon footprint of the food that I eat is to eat locally grown foods and to buy my produce from local farm stands.
Do you like “my plate” compared to other nutrition guides?
I mean, my plate is cool I guess – it tells us what we need to eat, how much of it, and what it can do for you, but I don’t like that is doesn’t explain which category the food falls under – not helpful.
How would I improve it?
I would have more examples for each category, sugar, fats, fiber, carbohydrates. For each category, I would also put examples of good and bad examples that way the user can see which of what category should be going into their bodies.
Can it help you maintain a healthy diet?
Uhhhh, of course! It is helpful and can help maintain a healthy diet, but it just needs a little more, I don’t know, “oomph”.
Explain the difference in macro and micro in terms of body usage and daily amount:
Macro gives us energy through calories consumed. Our calories are found in anything that isn’t water such as fruit, vegetables, meat, dairy, etc. Micro is found in micronutrients. Micronutrients aren’t as necessary as macro but they do need them to balance our energy level with the macronutrients
Why are vitamin essential for human health?
We need vitamins in our life. Vitamins are essential for human health because it helps promote positive proper metabolic functioning and it helps fight off harmful diseases. For example, when humans don’t get enough vitamin C we are able to get scurvy.
What makes vitamins different from minerals?
Vitamins are different because they can not dissolve in water but they can dissolve in fat like vitamins, D, E, K, and A. Minerals are only water soluble and only dissolve in water.
What are essential amino acids?
There are nine essential amino acids – these amino acids are valine, threonine, tryptophan, phenylalanine, lysine, methionine, leucine, histidine, and isoleucine.
What does essential mean for the diet?
Essential means that it is necessary for our body to consume it because we can’t produce it by ourselves. Essential amino acids are acids that we must consume from outside sources.
What is portion complimentary?
Portion complimentary means that we have to eat a combination/assortment of food that allow us to intake all of the nine different amino acids through the foods we eat.
Why does a can of diet coke float in water when a can of coke sink?
Regular coke is a lot more dense than diet coke because it uses 39 more grams of sugar than diet coke does. Because of the added sugar, coke is a lot dense than diet coke. Diet coke has an artificial sugar called aspartame which makes it less dense than the water it is in.
Explain how sugars, starches, and cellulose are different:
Sugars are molecules, like fructose, mannose, and glucose, that are connected to one another by chains that contain a single molecule, and starches are bonded together through chains of sugar that are put together. They are all derived from glucose but specifically only starch can be digested and cellulose can not. Cellulose is actually very close in structure to a starch except cellulose is a tougher so it produces fibers. Cellulose is actually so strong that it won’t simply break down in water as a starch would.
Why are oils hydrogenated? – Oils that are hydrogenated transform polyunsaturated fats (the “good” fat) into saturated fats. Hydrogenated oils are necessary to make products such as margarine, necessary to make the solid that packs so well, a little more easy to spread. In addition to this, hydrogenated oils were made so there would be a decrease in calories for a substance similar to butter.
What is a trans fat? – A trans fat is the worst fat we could ever consume! A trans fat raises and lowers important cholesterol levels that we need to be steady in our body. Trans fats are also solid at room temperature.
Why do we care about trans fats? – We care about trans fats because they do so much harm to our bodies! Trans fats are middle consistency fats and we store them longer/cant get rid of them. Our bodies store them for so longer that we can’t break them down and it eventually turns to fat.